There are four main types of lubricants: water-based, oil-based, silicone-based, and hybrid. Each of the types has its own base (main component): water, vegetable oil, silicone and hybrid (a combination of several bases). Other ingredients are added to the base to change the viscosity, pH, increase shelf life, enhance the moisturizing effect, enrich with soothing, healing agents, aromatize, or provide a cooling or warming effect.
The water-based lubricant is the most popular and versatile, accounting for 72.5% of all sales in 2015.
This grease is 95% water. Should give the vagina a natural lubrication feeling. Other ingredients are added to the water base to give the texture a gel-like texture. Moisturizers (hyaluronic acid, aloe vera, etc.) and pH regulators (citric acid, lactic acid, etc.) are often used. Water-based lubricants can be of both natural and synthetic origin.
Despite their popularity and versatility, not all water-based lubricants are created equal. Waterborne lubricants often have very conflicting ingredients. Almost all water-based lubricants use ingredients such as glycerin, propylene glycol or preservatives such as parabens (not to say, have a cumulative effect), chlorachide, phenoxyethanol, which, as recent studies show, can damage vaginal and anal tissues, which leads to an increased risk of infectious diseases, STIs and irritation.
Many companies use the traditional method of adding glycerin or propylene glycol as it is cheap and glides well. However, there are more acceptable and healthier alternatives: seaweed extract, locust bean gum, guar gum, or xanthan gum.
If you suffer from vaginal dryness, water-based lubricants are the way to go. They often contain ingredients that moisturize the mucous membranes. Look for aloe vera, hyaluronic acid, guar gum, squalane (found in natural vegetable oils as well) and other moisturizers - these ingredients will help you cope with the symptoms of vaginal dryness.